Boston (officially the City of Boston), is the capital and most populous city in Massachusetts. It is one of the highest ranking US cities in the world livability index.
The city is the economic and cultural anchor of the larger metropolitan area known as Greater Boston, a metropolitan statistical area home to a census-estimated 4.8 million people in 2016.
One of the oldest municipalities in the United States, it was the scene of several key events of the American Revolution, such as the Boston Massacre, the Boston Tea Party and the Battle of Bunker Hill.
Following independence, the city continued to be an important port and manufacturing hub, as well as a center for education and culture.
Today, Boston is a thriving center of scientific research, while the Boston area's many colleges and universities make it a world leader in higher education.
The city is considered to be a global pioneer in innovation and entrepreneurship, with nearly 5,000 startups, while businesses and institutions rank among the top in the country for environmental sustainability and investment.